Epilepsy usually begins in childhood. It is caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain and produces symptoms such as confusion, staring spells and involuntary shaking or seizures, which may be followed by periods of unconsciousness.
Seizures may be generalised, involving the whole brain, or partial, where a part of the brain is involved. Generalised seizures might include staring spells, falls, unconsciousness, jerking movements, rigid muscles, or loss of muscle tone. Partial seizures can cause emotional changes as well as changes in sensation (hearing, vision, smell, taste or touch), involuntary chewing, lip smacking and other repetitive movements.
Diagnosis and Treatment Option
To diagnose epilepsy, Dr Tollesson will evaluate your medical history, signs and symptoms, and do a physical and neurological examination. Blood tests will be carried out and an electroencephalogram (EEG) will be carried out to study the electrical activity of the brain. Diagnostic tests are generally performed to rule out tumours or other structural abnormalities.