Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is a rare condition causing severe pain in the ear, tongue and throat. It can be caused by irritation of the glossopharyngeal nerve in the face, due to growths or infection in the mouth.
In this type of neuralgia, electric shocks of pain can occur without warning or triggered by movement such as swallowing or coughing. There is usually a stabbing pain on one side of the face.
Diagnosis and Treatment Options
To diagnose glossopharyngeal neuralgia, Dr Tollesson will evaluate your medical history, signs and symptoms, and do a physical and neurological examination. He will also suggest appropriate diagnostic tests to identify any swelling and find out what could be irritating the nerve area.
Recommended treatment will be designed to control the pain and minimise the cause of the irritated nerve. Painkillers and anti-depressant medication can be effective in relaxing the muscles and easing the pain and surgery is often recommended when conservative treatment options are ineffective.